Trekking & Mountaineering – with Getaway! Himalayan Eco-Trekking Pvt.Ltd..
The word trek or trekking in any destinations around the world can mean different things to different people but generally it involves walking with a backpack in some kind of a wilderness or off-the-beaten-track type of area as listed in our WebPages. Trekking is often a form of exploration being away from crowd of noise, traffic of people and vehicles and being on foot where the participant is either alone or part of a group or team. The group or solo trekker sets out to follow a predetermined course of tracks or negotiable routes while taking in the cultures and scenery that the experience of the journey has to offer.
Trekking is an activity that you can start with a nominal equipment and knowledge. If you have a agency like Getaway ! Himalayan Eco-Trekking Pvt. Ltd. you have the perfect plan to start the venture according to your needs. Most Trekking routes have walking tracks suitable for both beginners and experienced trekkers. It's just a matter of choosing a walk that you're comfortable with and as we would say, just do it!
Get to know your own ability
You need to read our e-mailed itinerary and complete info well in advance before commencing flight to Nepal. Discuss with your Trekking Guide and Porters as soon as you land in Kathmandu or Pokhara who will give you practical information about the entire trip especially on road condition, standard of lodges/tents, food, rescue etc. Start off with a short walk on a well defined track early in the day especially for the first day. This will give you a chance to gauge your performance. It is tempting for an enthusiastic beginner to go that bit further too late in the day. If the track you have chosen is short and well defined you will have a much better chance of reorienting yourself. Before heading out evaluate the prevailing weather conditions and take the appropriate clothing and water for the conditions. See the checklist if you are in need of equipments, on the bottom of our homepage available for walks in your area.
The best way to experience the incredible combination of natural beauty and cultural riches of Nepal is to walk through them. The objective of trekking is not just reaching the particular destination, but enjoying the journey as well. You can walk at your own pace, observing nature, rural communities, and spectacular mountain panoramas. It is a simple walk, but comprises very special places like - amazing forests, isolated hamlets, and small mountain villages, birds, animals, temples, monasteries and overwhelming landscapes. You will also encounter friendly people of different mountain cultures offering fascinating glimpses of traditional rural life, quite unimaginable in our modern urban life.
A trekking route will often pass through forests of rhododendron, bamboo, oak, hemlock and visiting one or two villages each day. However, the greatest highlight of any trek is the tantalizing views of snowcapped peaks. Rivers are crossed on log passages or suspension bridges. It’s not unusual to cross snowfields in the morning and bathe in sub-tropical streams in the afternoon.
For the most part, trekking routes are well traveled by local people, but has remained unmarked without signposts. Trekkers rely on our staff for directions and an introduction to the local people, culture, religion, and lifestyle. Our job is to ensure your comfort and safety as we take you where you want to go, at your own pace. We show you what you have come to see, and help you explore a different world.
Is trekking for everyone?
Yes, everyone can go for trekking. Some people might hesitate whether I can do it or not. Well, it is alright for any person with a normal health. Generally we walk just for 6-7 hours a day, with lots of breaks in between for breakfast, lunch, tea times and you can stop for a rest whenever you feel like. One of our staff stays at the back of the group to make sure everyone is okay.
We offer treks to more than 80 destinations in Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan,Tibet and Indian Himalayas. You can choose one of them according to your interest, time, budget and the trekking grades. You can find this list of trekking routes from the left-side menu & Drop down menu of this section.
Please also check the trekking regions, types, accommodation styles, health and other related information under ‘Trekking Info’ on the left-side menu of this section.
TYPES OF TREKKING
While enjoying the excellent services of our English speaking guide, cooks and porters, you just have to walk with your day-pack. For the nights we use the two-men tent set up every day and guarded throughout the night by our team. We use the best available camping tents from North Face and also provide separate tents for cooking, shower, toilet and for our team. Each tent is for two people – you can choose your tent partner or change – it’s all works on friendship amongst group. We will also provide a comfortable foam mattress, sleeping bag, as well as three meals, and morning/afternoon tea or coffee. Our porters carry all necessary equipment and fix them before you reach for a halt and our cooks carry all the food supplies and cook delicious meals suitable to your stomach.
Our Food Supplies include the following:
Rice, Wheat Flour, Corn Flakes / Pop Corn, Spaghetti, Noodles (Chinese / Packed ) Porridge, Muesli, Macaroni, Maida Flour, Bread, Butter, Cheese (Yak), Sauce (Soya/ Tomato / Chilli), Peanuts Butter, Jam, Honey, Soups, Lentils, Vegetables (Fresh/Dry), Sausages (tinned), Soups, Fresh Fruits, dry fruits, Juices (packaged), Custard, Lemon (Fresh), Eggs, Meat (Tinned / Luncheon), Salami / Dry Meat, Sardine / Tuna Fish, Prawns, Milk Powder, tea, coffee, Hot Chocolate etc.
Our three main meals would be more than enough to fill your stomach. Still you can bring your owns snacks like biscuits, chocolate, energy bars dry-fruits/nuts etc..
Tea house Trekking
Teahouse Trekking is a relatively cheaper way of trekking where the evenings are spent in 'Teahouses' run by local Sherpa families along the popular trekking routes. They offer meals and a bed for night. It's a great way to connect with some of the local culture and to interact with simple mountain folks. The standard of lodgings can vary from rustic tiny room with simple bed to two story stone buildings with clean toilets and showers. In popular areas such as Annapurna, Everest and Langtang, Tea Houses are more like hotels, with hot showers, western food, and private rooms (twin sharing).
In this arrangement overnight halts with dinner and breakfast will be in Tea-houses and lunches in local restaurants on the way. Our English speaking guide will be taking care of choosing the best place available and paying for all your food and accommodation. And we use porters or yaks or horses for carrying your luggage.
Customized Trips - just for you!
If the dates of our fixed departures don’t suit you, we can prepare a tailor-made trip according to your time, budget or any other requirement you may prefer.
Or if you want to trek on your own and just need a guide or porter, yes, we can provide you with a reliable guide or porters. We have guides speaking English, French, German, Spanish, Japanese, Hindi and other major languages.
Hiring Guide or Porter on self arranged lodge or Tent.
Trekking in Nepal can be done all year around. The country is blessed with good weathers.
Autumn: September to November Excellent season for trekking in all areas, can enjoy clear mountain views.
Winter: December to February Ideal for trekking in regions below 2500 Meters altitude.
Spring: March to May:Nepal's national flower Guranse Rhododendrons in English) colors the mountains red and beautiful, moderate temperature makes a perfect choice for trekking in hilly regions but trekking in terai can be a little burdensome due to high temperature in this region.
Summer: June to August
Monsoon falls is in this period. Expect wet, warm and wild trekking during the season. This is the season to see lush green valleys with rice crops and greenest thick jungles.
Fixed Departures & Custom-made Itineraries
We offer both fixed date group departures and also can make a custom itinerary according to your needs. We will be pleased to address all your queries so feel free to talk to us and email us.
Causes of Accident
Mountain accident statistics outline that a big percentage of accidents occurring in the mountains involve less experienced hikers ,sometimes solely because they were not informed about the difficulties of the chosen trail, lack of preparation for sudden changes in the weather and climatic conditions, or because they under estimate the effects of Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS).
Your physician and your local Public Health Service are the best sources of information regarding the immunizations necessary for Nepal. The following list of recommended medicines and injections, are normally recommended for trekkers in Nepal. It is a good practice to have shots recommended in a Yellow international health certificate.
Recommended Vaccines & Immunization
Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS)
Some people are more susceptible to altitude sickness than others. If you suffer from a case of altitude sickness it does not mean that you can never go to high altitudes again. However, it does means in the future, you should pay attention. Awareness of altitude sickness has caused some trekkers to be unnecessarily anxious as they trek. The progression of symptoms is usually gradual, and you will have plenty of time to react appropriately. Design your itineraries to allow plenty of time for acclimatization so that you will be able to adjust to the increasing altitude. Human bodies have the ability to adjust to higher altitudes when given enough time. If a person travels up to high altitudes more rapidly than his or her body is able to adjust the developed AMS symptoms.
The treatments of AMS are first and foremost not to ascend with symptoms as symptoms are likely to descend. In rare cases where descend is difficult or impossible a portable pressure chamber is effective. Three medications have also been proven useful for treating and preventing AMS namely Acetazolamide (Diamox), Dexamethasone (Decadron), Nifedipine. Your physician and local Public Health Service are the best sources for further information.
Obviously, some urban water may be extremely contaminated and some mountain water may be almost pure you are advised not to drink tap or stream water for your safety. Stick to purified water or soft drinks. Boiling makes water safe to drink and a good way to ensure safe drinking water is to consume lots of tea or a hot drink (hot lemon or hot water) which is available almost everywhere. Another way to ensure safe drinking water is to treat it with iodine or chlorine preparations.
The things that you need to have in your backpack during the tour are important things to be taken into an account. Your backpack should be lighter as you need to carry them and should be stuffed with essentials. Above 3,000 m the days are cooler and a set of interchangeable warm and windproof layers is best. During the night you should put on dry thermals and the thickest down jacket available. Above 4,000 m it is cool year-round so you can dress up accordingly.
TIMS PERMIT & CONSERVATION / NATIONAL PARK PERMITS
NTB and TAAN signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on March 18, 2010 to implement the TIMS system in a new format from April 1, 2010. NTB and TAAN have introduced separate TIMS Cards for FITs and organized groups. FITs need to have Green TIMS cards by paying Nepali currency equivalent to US $20 per person, while those travelling in groups need to have Blue TIMS cards by paying Nepali currency equivalent to US $10 per person. Trekkers taking the service of trekking agencies can pay fee for TIMS card in US dollars.
Our Administrative Crew will collect trekkers’ data and enter it in the central database and will provide trekkers with a TIM’s card after paying fee prescribed above.
Altitude Illness Advice for the Trekker
Symptoms of altitude illness can begin to occur at 8,000ft (2,400m) or lower, but serious altitude illness is rare below 10,000 ft (3,000 m). Symptoms occur due to your body not adapting well to having less oxygen at high altitudes. At 18,000 ft (5,500m), there is 1/2 the oxygen available as at sea level and it is about 1/3rd on top of Mount Everest. The body tries to adapt to lower amounts of oxygen in the air mainly by increasing the rate and depth of breathing so you breathe faster and deeper. There is also an increase in heart rate. Both of these mechanisms try to bring more oxygen to the body. There is a wide individual susceptibility to altitude which seems to be genetically determined - how well someone does at altitude seems related to how well they breathe at altitude.
What happens to the body in altitude illness? Lack of oxygen causes fluid leakage and accumulation in between cells in the brain and/or the lungs. Symptoms can be mild or severe. Mild symptoms of Acute Mountain Sickness or AMS are headache, loss of appetite, nausea, fatigue, lack of sleep and dizziness. These symptoms can resolve once someone is acclimatized to the altitude for example by spending one or two extra nights at the same altitude or going to a lower altitude. If symptoms worsen then the person must descend to a lower altitude as soon as possible.
Severe symptoms occur as AMS progresses due to fluid accumulation in the brain and/or in the lungs. These conditions are known as: High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE) or High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE). HACE symptoms include mental confusion, hallucinations and difficulty with balance and co-ordination,. As the symptoms worsen, unconsciousness or coma can occur which can lead to death. HAPE results in shortness of breath while at rest, extreme fatigue, a cough which maybe dry or productive with frothy blood-tinged sputum and chest tightness.
HAPE and HACE are severe symptoms and can be rapidly fatal if untreated.
Prevention of Altitude Illness:
1. Having a sensible itinerary is the most important way to avoid altitude illness. It is recommended to climb not more than 1,000ft (300m) a day above an altitude of 10,000 ft (3,000m). If the terrain is such that this is not possible, one needs to have two rest days e.g. 2 rest days are recommended at Namche Bazaar where 2,000ft (600m) are gained in 1 day from Phakding for most itineraries. Having flexibility with 1-2 extra days built into your schedule will allow you to rest when you are not feeling well and help avoid altitude illness. It also helps to `climb high` and `sleep low`.
2. Use Diamox-which blocks an enzyme in the kidney and makes the blood acidic which is interpreted by the brain as a signal to breathe more. Diamox therefore, enhances the physiological response to altitude by increasing the rate and depth of breathing and it also acts as a mild diuretic. Side effects of the drug are: tingling of fingers and toes and tingling around the mouth. Sulfa allergic individuals are recommended not to take this drug. Prophylactic dose of Diamox is half or one 250mg tablet twice a day. Use of Diamox will not mask the symptoms of altitude illness if it is to occur. Start taking Diamox the day before ascent to 10,000 ft (3,000m), continue it through your ascent to higher altitudes and stop when you start descending.
3. Other preventive strategies such as Gingko Biloba which was once thought to be useful for altitude illness prevention has not been found useful in several studies. Salmeterol (Serevent) inhaler used to treat asthma can help prevent HAPE and may be used by HAPE susceptible people prophylactically. For persons allergic to sulfa drugs and for abrupt ascents, it is possible to use dexamethasone, a very potent steroid drug.
Treatment of Altitude Illness
For mild symptoms, one can stay at the same altitude to see if symptoms will resolve and ascend when symptoms have resolved completely. Diamox can also be used to treat mild to moderate symptoms. If symptoms persist or worsen at this altitude, descent is required.
For severe symptoms of HACE or HAPE, descent must begin immediately whenever feasible. Helicopter evacuation may be essential for descent unless there is rapid improvement with medical treatment and walking down is feasible. Physical exertion even when it is for descent can be detrimental for patients with HAPE. Severe HAPE patients should be carried down if helicopter evacuation is not possible.
Other treatment modalities to help during descent-
1. Diamox -. is generally useful for mild to moderate AMS. Dosage: One 250 mg tablet two or three times a day.
2. Dexamethasone - is a very potent steroid used in HACE temporarily to facilitate descent. This drug improves the symptoms but does not help acclimatization. It is not recommended to ascend while still taking this drug even if one is symptom free. Dosage: 4 mg every 6 hours.
3. Nifedipine - is useful in HAPE by lowering pressure in the pulmonary blood vessels and thereby decreasing fluid in the lungs. This drug also lowers blood pressure. Sildenafil (Viagra) is increasingly being used in treating HAPE.
4. Oxygen - is very useful particularly for HAPE.
5. The Gamow Bag- is a portable bag and when inflated, converts into a high pressure bag in which an individual with severe symptoms of HACE or HAPE is put into and air is pumped in with a foot-pump. Pressure created inside the bag increases the oxygen tension and a persons` symptom should improve rapidly. This is used to sustain a person during an acute crisis before descent is possible or pending helicopter evacuation. This bag is found in the Manang and Pheriche Himalayan Rescue Association Aid Posts, at Kunde Hospital and at several other locations in the Everest region. Many groups that trek to high altitudes in remote places are nowadays taking this bag with them. These can be rented in Kathmandu or brought in from abroad.
Three golden rules to avoid dying from altitude illness:
1. Learn the early symptoms of altitude illness and recognize when you have them. Remember, you may be the only person in a group with symptoms.
2. Never ascend to sleep at a new altitude with any symptoms of AMS.
3. Descend if your symptoms are getting worse while resting at the same altitude.
OXYGEAN RATES AT DIFFERENT ALTITUDES
• 8,850 m 33%
• 8,000 m 36%
• 7,000 m 41%
• 6,000 m 47%
• 5,500 m 50%
• 5,200 m 52%
• 5,000 m 53%
• 4,500 m 57%
• 4,000 m 60%
• 3,500 m 64%
• 3,000 m 68%
• 2,500 m 73%
• 1,000 m 88%
• Sea level 100%
TIMS counter at TAAN follows regular working hours (10am-5pm) and 365 days a year- NTB Offices follows government working hours and days. Getaway! Himalayan Eco-Trekking Pvt. LtdPvt.Ltd. Trekking agencies open 12 hours a day seven days a week.
Documents required for different Permits
To obtain TIMS Card
Conservation / National Park Permit
Special Permits for Upper Mustang and Upper Dolpo Etc
Mountaineering / Climbing Permits
Govt. Office Opening hours: Sunday to Friday except on Public Holidays: